Hip Diseases and Hip Pain
Hip disease is primarily caused by arthritis. Arthritis can be caused by age, injury or hereditary factors. This page looks at the diseases of the hip and how it impacts your hip.
Common causes of hip disease:
Is an age-related disease. The joint is worn down due to wear and tear through out the span of a person’s life, usually occurring ofter the age of 50. Having a family history of arthritis is also a factor in developing osteoarthritis. The hip bones are covered in cartilage and this covering gradually wears away leaving the bones left to rub against each other causing stiffness and pain. If left untreated, the hip bones can become deformed.
Rheumatoid arthritis is not age related, it is an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease is a condition where the body attacks itself and in this case the body attacks the synovial membrane causing it to become inflamed and thickened. The inflammation can damage the cartilage leading to pain and stiffness. Rheumatoid arthritis is sometimes referred to as inflammatory arthritis.
Arthritis can develop after an injury to the hip that damages the cartilage and/or bone. The results is stiffness and pain.
Avascular necrosis (AVN).
Avascular necrosis is caused by lack of blood supply to the head of the femur. This is the round part of the top of the leg bone that fits in the pelvis. The lack of blood causes the femur head to become deformed and this leads to arthritis. AVN can be caused by trauma, injury, fracture, certain drugs or medications. (Source: AAOS)
If you look closely at the diagram below, you will be able to see the differences between a healthy and an arthritic hip. These differences lead to pain, decreased flexibility, increased swelling and inflammation. A significant portion of my practice is dedicated to treating the impact that arthritis has on the hip. In many cases, we work with you to decrease and in some cases eliminate pain altogether.
Additional Hip Joint Diseases
Below is a fairly comprehensive list of diseases of the hip. Most are in some way related to arthritis, swelling or injury.
- Avascular necrosis
- Avascular necrosis typically results from a dislocation or fracture injury of the hip that limits the blood supply to the top of the bone of your leg (femoral head). The lack of blood can cause the surface of the bone to collapse, and arthritis will result. Some of the diseases that contribute to developing AVN are liver disease, sickle cell anemia, Gauchers
- Bone on bone arthritis of the hip
- Degenerative joint disease of the hip
- Hip labral tear
- Inflammatory disease of the hip
- Inflammatory arthritis
- Non – traumatic arthritis or osteoarthritis
- Post-traumatic arthritis of the hip
- Post-traumatic degenerative joint disease of the hip
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Traumatic arthritis
- Trochanteric bursitis
Would you like to know more about arthritis? Please visit our page on arthritis for additional information.
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